Bhutan's National Parks, A Sanctuary For The Kingdom's Vibrant Wildlife: Where The Mountains Whisper And The Forests Echo:

Besides others, Bhutan is known for its pristine environment which is almost intact. Our ecosystem is rich and diverse, because of its location, and great geographical and climatic variations. Bhutan’s high, rugged mountains and valleys boast of spectacular biodiversity, earning it a name as one of the world’s ten most important biodiversity hotspots.

Bhutan, with its unique geographical and climatic variations, is a haven for diverse wildlife and natural habitats, many of which are conserved in its national parks and wildlife reserves. The country has prioritized environmental conservation, designating over 50% of its land as protected areas, including five national parks, four wildlife sanctuaries, and a nature reserve. These protected areas are part of the Bhutan Biological Conservation Complex - a network of national parks, protected areas, and forest corridors that allow wildlife to move freely across landscapes. 

Recognizing the importance of the environment, conservation of its rich biodiversity is one of its development paradigms. The government has assured of maintaining 60% of its forest resources for all times to come through the recently enacted law passed by the National Assembly. As of today, about 65% of the total land area is under forest cover and about 26% of the land area falls under the protected area. The protected area comprises four parks that are designated as home for the wildlife sanctuaries.

Some of the notable national parks in Bhutan include:

Jigme Dorji National Park:

Jigme Dorji National Park, Bhutan's largest, spans diverse landscapes from broadleaf forests to alpine meadows. Home to iconic species like the Bengal tiger and red panda, the park's 4,349 sq km showcase Bhutan's commitment to biodiversity conservation and sustainable ecotourism.

Royal Manas National Park:

Royal Manas National Park, located in southern Bhutan, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site known for its rich biodiversity. Encompassing a variety of ecosystems, from tropical forests to alpine meadows, the park is a sanctuary for diverse flora and fauna. Its conservation efforts contribute to the preservation of endangered species, making it a key area for environmental protection in Bhutan.

Bumdeling Wildlife Sanctuary:

Bumdeling Wildlife Sanctuary, nestled in northeastern Bhutan, is a haven for biodiversity and a crucial winter refuge for the revered black-necked crane. This sanctuary, with its lush landscapes, not only shelters endangered species but also engages local communities in sustainable conservation efforts. A visit to Bumdeling offers a glimpse into Bhutan's commitment to preserving its natural heritage and fostering a harmonious coexistence between wildlife and people.

Sakteng Wildlife Sanctuary: 

Sakteng Wildlife Sanctuary, located in eastern Bhutan, is a pristine haven for biodiversity in the Eastern Himalayas. This sanctuary is dedicated to preserving the unique ecosystems of the region and is home to elusive species such as the red panda and snow leopard. With its breathtaking landscapes, Sakteng Wildlife Sanctuary exemplifies Bhutan's commitment to conservation, providing a sanctuary for rare wildlife and contributing to the country's rich natural heritage.

Phrumsengla National Park:

Phrumsengla National Park, situated in central Bhutan, is a vital conservation area renowned for its diverse ecosystems. Encompassing alpine meadows and subtropical forests, the park plays a crucial role in preserving the habitat of the black-necked crane. Home to a variety of avian species, including the endangered crane, Phrumsengla is a sanctuary where nature thrives. This national park epitomizes Bhutan's dedication to environmental conservation, providing a refuge for wildlife amid stunning landscapes.

Jigme Singye Wangchuck National Park:Jigme Singye Wangchuck National Park, located in central Bhutan, is a pristine expanse of natural beauty and biodiversity. Spanning from subtropical forests to alpine meadows, the park is home to diverse flora and fauna, including the red panda and Himalayan black bear. Its stunning landscapes, dotted with rivers and snow-capped peaks, offer a glimpse into Bhutan's commitment to environmental conservation.

Thrumshingla National Park:

Thrumshingla National Park in central Bhutan is a biodiversity hotspot, showcasing lush landscapes and diverse ecosystems. Renowned for its rich birdlife and vibrant flora, the park underscores Bhutan's commitment to conservation within its stunning natural surroundings. Its significance is marked by the rich tapestry of birdlife that calls it home, making it a paradise for birdwatchers.

Bhutan's Wildlife:


Bhutan's national animal.

A unique, goat-antelope hybrid found in the Eastern Himalayas.

Snow Leopard:

Elusive and endangered big cat species.

Inhabits the high-altitude regions of Bhutan.

Red Panda:

Adorable, tree-dwelling mammal.

Thrives in Bhutan's dense forests.

Black-Necked Crane:

Sacred bird in Bhutanese culture.

Winters in the Phobjikha Valley.

Blue Sheep (Bharal):

Native to the Himalayas.

Often found in the alpine meadows of Bhutan.

Himalayan Monal:

Colorful pheasant species.

Inhabits the forested areas of Bhutan.

Conservation Efforts:

Gross National Happiness (GNH):

Bhutan's unique development philosophy that emphasizes well-being and environmental conservation.

Carbon Neutrality:

Bhutan is committed to maintaining a carbon-neutral status, with vast forest cover absorbing more carbon than the country emits.

Community-Based Conservation:

Involves local communities in conservation efforts, ensuring sustainable development and wildlife protection.

Bhutan's national parks and wildlife are integral to the country's identity, reflecting its commitment to ecological sustainability and harmonious coexistence with nature. Visitors to Bhutan can experience the kingdom's natural beauty while contributing to its conservation efforts.

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